History

Subject lead: Miss Swift

Fun facts about me:

One of my all-time favourite things to do is walk my doggies. Trevor and Francis are Miniature Schnauzers and they are extremely cuddly. On the weekends, I enjoy watching the football. I’m a Liverpool fan, the real kind, because my Dad is an actual Scouser from Liverpool! I have loved History lessons since I was a child, and even studied all about Henry VIII at University.

Subject vision:

I strive for History lessons at Cooper and Jordan to be exciting, interesting and full of historical information and facts that broaden the way children think about History. The core values for the teaching and learning of History will allow children to question things that they know. History lessons at Cooper and Jordan are not only knowledge-rich but allow children to form their own opinion on events from the past using a range of sources including, pictures, the internet, newspaper articles and accounts. Teachers deliver the subject enthusiastically and plan exciting and interactive ways to help children learn, including termly workshops that develop and further children’s knowledge. Formative assessments are used regularly by staff at the start and end of topics to check what information has been retained by children. The use of self-assessment is also encouraged by children, and can be seen by the use of a purple pen across the children’s books and through pupil voice.

Curriculum:

The History curriculum follows the National Curriculum Programs of Study for History in Key Stage 1 and 2. The National Curriculum provides a high-quality history education that will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world.

Curriculum Aims

  • To know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world.
  • To know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind.
  • Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’.
  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses.
  • Understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.

The national curriculum for history aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
  • Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind
  • Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’
  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
  • Understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed
  • Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.

Key stage 1

Pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They should use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. They should ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They should understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented. In planning to ensure the progression described above through teaching about the people, events and changes outlined below, teachers are often introducing pupils to historical periods that they will study more fully at key stages 2 and 3.

Pupils should be taught about:

  • Changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life
  • Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries]
  • The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods [for example, Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong, William Caxton and Tim Berners-Lee, Pieter Bruegel the Elder and LS Lowry, Rosa Parks and Emily Davison, Mary Seacole and/or Florence Nightingale and Edith Cavell]
  • Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.

Key stage 2

Pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study. They should note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms. They should regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. They should construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. They should understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources. In planning to ensure the progression described above through teaching the British, local and world history outlined below, teachers should combine overview and depth studies to help pupils understand both the long arc of development and the complexity of specific aspects of the content.

Pupils should be taught about:

Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age:

  • Late Neolithic hunter-gatherers and early farmers, for example, Skara Brae
  • Bronze Age religion, technology and travel, for example, Stonehenge
  • Iron Age hill forts: tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture

The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain:

  • Julius Caesar’s attempted invasion in 55-54 BC
  • the Roman Empire by AD 42 and the power of its army
  • successful invasion by Claudius and conquest, including Hadrian’s Wall
  • British resistance, for example, Boudica
  • ‘Romanisation’ of Britain: sites such as Caerwent and the impact of technology, culture and beliefs, including early Christianity

Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots:

  • Roman withdrawal from Britain in c. AD 410 and the fall of the western Roman Empire
  • Scots invasions from Ireland to north Britain (now Scotland)
  • Anglo-Saxon invasions, settlements and kingdoms: place names and village life
  • Anglo-Saxon art and culture
  • Christian conversion – Canterbury, Iona and Lindisfarne History 191

The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor:

  • Viking raids and invasion
  • Resistance by Alfred the Great and Athelstan, first king of England
  • Further Viking invasions and Danegeld
  • Anglo-Saxon laws and justice
  • Edward the Confessor and his death in 1066

A local history study:

  • A depth study linked to one of the British areas of study listed above
  • A study over time tracing how several aspects of national history are reflected in the locality (this can go beyond 1066).
  • A study of an aspect of history or a site dating from a period beyond 1066 that is significant in the locality.

A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066:

  • The changing power of monarchs using case studies such as John, Anne and Victoria
  • Changes in an aspect of social history, such as crime and punishment from the Anglo-Saxons to the present or leisure and entertainment in the 20th Century
  • The legacy of Greek or Roman culture (art, architecture or literature) on later periods in British history, including the present day
  • A significant turning point in British history, for example, the first railways or the Battle of Britain

The achievements of the earliest civilizations – An overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following:

  • Ancient Sumer
  • The Indus Valley
  • Ancient Egypt
  • The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China
  • Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world History 192
  • A non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300.

Assessment:

Formative assessments are used for each unit of work that the children complete. Pupils work is marked by teachers and extended/gap tasked where necessary. Teachers make adjustments to future lesson content according to the outcome of this assessment. Pupils self-assess their work during a topic and record their own assessment of learning. Teachers also assess children’s progress of a particular unit of work using a best fit judgement.

Trips and enrichment:

The enrichment of History is fulfilled through a number of exciting and engaging activities. Throughout the year, pupils study and celebrate Black History Month and the Festival of Remembrance. Teachers, leaders and those from outside organisations deliver themed workshops for the children that further the children’s learning on their topic. Where possible, teachers also organise trips outside of school that link to a theme.

Pupil Voice: 

Coming soon

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6